Learning Standards

SUBJECT AREA: English  —  GRADE LEVEL:  Early High School

BENCHMARK:  3.A. 4  Use standard English to edit documents for clarity, subject/verb agreement, adverb and adjective agreement and verb tense; proofread for spelling, capitalization and punctuation; and ensure that documents are formatted in final form for submission and/or publication.

BENCHMARK:  3.B.4a  Produce documents that exhibit a range of writing techniques appropriate to purpose and audience, with clarity of focus, logic of organization, appropriate elaboration and support and overall coherence.

BENCHMARK:  3.B.4b  Produce, edit, revise and format work for submission and/or publication (e.g., manuscript form, appropriate citation of sources) using contemporary technology.

BENCHMARK:  3.B.4c  Evaluate written work for its effectiveness and make recommendations for its improvement.

BENCHMARK:  3.C.4a  Write for real or potentially real situations in academic, professional and civic contexts (e.g., college applications, job applications, business letters, petitions).

BENCHMARK:  3.C.4b  Using available technology, produce compositions and multimedia works for specified audiences.

BENCHMARK:  4.A.4a  Apply listening skills as individuals and members of a group in a variety of settings (e.g., lectures, discussions, conversations, team projects, presentations, interviews).

BENCHMARK:  4.A.4b  Apply listening skills in practical settings (e.g., classroom note taking, inter-personal conflict situations, giving and receiving directions, evaluating persuasive messages).

BENCHMARK:  4.A.4c  Follow complex oral instructions.

BENCHMARK:  4.A.4d  Demonstrate understanding of the relationship of verbal and nonverbal messages within a context (e.g., contradictory, supportive, repetitive, substitutive).

BENCHMARK:  4.B.4a  Deliver planned informative and persuasive oral presentations using visual aids and contemporary technology as individuals and members of a group; demonstrate organization, clarity, vocabulary, credible and accurate supporting evidence.

BENCHMARK:  4.B.4b  Use group discussion skills to assume leadership and participant roles within an assigned project or to reach a group goal.

BENCHMARK:  4.B.4c  Use strategies to manage or overcome communication anxiety and apprehension (e.g., developed outlines, notecards, practice).

BENCHMARK:  4.B.4d  Use verbal and nonverbal strategies to maintain communication and to resolve individual and group conflict.

BENCHMARK:  5.A.4a  Demonstrate a knowledge of strategies needed to prepare a credible research report (e.g., notes, planning sheets).

BENCHMARK:  5.A.4b  Design and present a project (e.g., research report, scientific study, career/higher education opportunities) using various formats from multiple sources.

BENCHMARK:  5.B.4a  Choose and evaluate primary and secondary sources (print and nonprint) for a variety of purposes.

BENCHMARK:  5.B.4b  Use multiple sources and multiple formats; cite according to standard style manuals.

BENCHMARK:  5.C.4a  Plan, compose, edit and revise information (e.g., brochures, formal reports, proposals, research summaries, analyses, editorials, articles, overheads, multimedia displays) for presentation to an audience.

BENCHMARK:  5.C.4b  Produce oral presentations and written documents using supportive research and incorporating contemporary technology.

BENCHMARK:  5.C.4c  Prepare for and participate in formal debates.

BENCHMARK:  1.B.5a  Relate reading to prior knowledge and experience and make connections to related information.

BENCHMARK:  1.C.5c  Critically evaluate information from multiple sources.

BENCHMARK:  1.C.5d  Summarize and make generalizations from content and relate them to the purpose of the material.

BENCHMARK:  1.C.5e  Evaluate how authors and illustrators use text and art across materials to express their ideas (e.g., complex dialogue, persuasive techniques).

BENCHMARK:  1.C.5f  Use tables, graphs and maps to challenge arguments, defend conclusions and persuade others.

BENCHMARK:  3.B.5  Using contemporary technology, produce documents of publication quality for specific purposes and audiences; exhibit clarity of focus, logic of organization, appropriate elaboration and support and overall coherence.

BENCHMARK:  3.C.5a  Communicate information and ideas in narrative, informative and persuasive writing with clarity and effectiveness in a variety of written forms using appropriate traditional and/or electronic formats; adapt content, vocabulary, voice and tone to the audience, purpose and situation.

BENCHMARK:  3.C.5b  Write for real or potentially real situations in academic, professional and civic contexts (e.g., applications, job applications, business letters, resume, petitions).

BENCHMARK:  4.A.5a  Use criteria to evaluate a variety of speakers’ verbal and nonverbal messages.

BENCHMARK:  4.A.5b  Use techniques for analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of oral messages.

BENCHMARK:  4.B.5a  Deliver planned and impromptu oral presentations, as individuals and members of a group, conveying results of research, projects or literature studies to a variety of audiences (e.g., peers, community, business/industry, local organizations) using appropriate visual aids and available technology.

BENCHMARK:  4.B.5b  Use speaking skills to participate in and lead group discussions; analyze the effectiveness of the spoken interactions based upon the ability of the group to achieve its goals.

BENCHMARK:  4.B.5c  Implement learned strategies to self-monitor communication anxiety and apprehension (e.g., relaxation and transference techniques, scripting, extemporaneous outlining, repetitive practice).

BENCHMARK:  4.B.5d  Use verbal and nonverbal strategies to maintain communication and to resolve individual, group and workplace conflict (e.g., mediation skills, formal and informal bargaining skills).

BENCHMARK:  5.A.5a  Develop a research plan using multiple forms of data.

BENCHMARK:  5.A.5b  Research, design and present a project to an academic, business or school community audience on a topic selected from among contemporary issues.

BENCHMARK:  5.B.5a  Evaluate the usefulness of information, synthesize information to support a thesis, and present information in a logical manner in oral and written forms.

BENCHMARK:  5.B.5b  Credit primary and secondary sources in a form appropriate for presentation or publication for a particular audience.

BENCHMARK:  5.C.5a  Using contemporary technology, create a research presentation or prepare a documentary related to academic, technical or occupational topics and present the findings in oral or multimedia formats.

BENCHMARK:  5.C.5b  Support and defend a thesis statement using various references including media and electronic resources.


SUBJECT AREA: Music  —  GRADE LEVEL: Early High School

BENCHMARK:  25.A.4  Analyze and evaluate the effective use of elements, principles and expressive qualities in a composition/performance in dance, drama, music and visual arts.

BENCHMARK:  25.B.4  Analyze and evaluate similar and distinctive characteristics of works in two or more of the arts that share the same historical period or societal context.

BENCHMARK:  26.A.4c  Music:  Analyze ways in which musical sounds are produced and how they are used in composing, conducting and performing.

BENCHMARK: 26.A.4d  Music:  Demonstrate the ability to read written notation for a vocal or instrumental part.

BENCHMARK:  26.A.4e  Visual Arts:  Analyze and evaluate how tools/technologies and processes combine to convey meaning.

BENCHMARK:  26.B.4c  Music:  Create and perform music of challenging complexity and length with expression.

BENCHMARK:  26.B.4d  Visual Arts:  Demonstrate knowledge and skills that communicate clear and focused ideas based on planning, research and problem solving.

BENCHMARK:  27.A.4a  Evaluate how consumer trends in the arts affect the types and styles of art products.

BENCHMARK:  27.A.4b  Analyze how the arts are used to inform and persuade through traditional and contemporary art forms.

BENCHMARK:  27.B.4a  Analyze and classify the distinguishing characteristics of historical and contemporary art works by style, period and culture.

BENCHMARK:  27.B.4b  Understand how the arts change in response to changes in society.

BENCHMARK:  25.A.5  Analyze and evaluate student and professional works for how aesthetic qualities are used to convey intent, expressive ideas and/or meaning.

BENCHMARK:  25.B.5  Understand how different art forms combine to create an interdisciplinary work (e.g., musical theatre, opera or cinematography).

BENCHMARK:  26.A.5  Common for all four arts:  Analyze and evaluate how the choice of media, tools, technologies and processes support and influence the communication of ideas.

BENCHMARK:  26.B.5  Common for all four arts:  Create and perform a complex work of art using a variety of techniques, technologies and resources and independent decision making.

BENCHMARK:  27.A.5  Analyze how careers in the arts are expanding based on new technologies and societal changes.


SUBJECT AREA: Social Studies  —  GRADE LEVEL: Early High School

State Goal 14: Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

14.A.4 Analyze how local, state, and national governments serve the purposes for which they were created.

14.C.4 Describe the meaning of participatory citizenship (e.g., volunteerism, voting) at all levels of government and society in the United States.

14.C.5 Analyze the consequences of participation and non-participation in the electoral process (e.g., women’s suffrage, voter registration, effects of media).

14.D.4 Analyze roles and influences of individuals, groups and media in shaping current debates on state and national policies.

14.D.5 Interpret a variety of public policies and issues from the perspectives of different individuals and groups.

14.F.5 Interpret how changing geographical, economic, technological and social forces affect United States political ideas and traditions (e.g., freedom, equality and justice, individual rights).

State Goal 15: Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

15.C.4b Explain the importance of research, development, invention, technology and entrepreneurship to the United States economy.

15.E.4b Describe social and environmental benefits and consequences of production and consumption.

State Goal 17: Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

17.A.4b Use maps and other geographic instruments and technologies to analyze spatial patterns and distributions on earth.

17.B.4a Explain the dynamic interactions within and among the Earth’s physical systems including variation, productivity and constructive and destructive processes.

17.C.5b Describe the impact of human migrations and increased urbanization on ecosystems.

17.C.5c Describe geographic factors that affect cooperation and conflict among societies.

State Goal 18: Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

18.B.5 Use methods of social science inquiry (pose questions, collect and analyze data, make an support conclusions with evidence, report findings) to study the development and functions of social systems and report conclusions to a larger audience.


SUBJECT AREA: Science  —  GRADE LEVEL: Early High School

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4a  Formulate hypotheses referencing prior research and knowledge.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4b  Conduct controlled experiments or simulations to test hypotheses.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4c  Collect, organize and analyze data accurately and precisely.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4d  Apply statistical methods to the data to read and support conclusions.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4e  Formulate alternative hypotheses to explain unexpected results.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.4f  Using available technology, report, display and defend to an audience conclusions drawn from investigations.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4a  Identify a technological design problem inherent in a commonly used product.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4b  Propose and compare different solution designs to the design problem based upon given constraints including available tools, materials and time.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4d  Determine the criteria upon which the designs will be judged, identify, advantages and disadvantages of the designs and select the most promising design.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4e  Develop and test a prototype or simulation of the solution design using available materials, instruments and technology.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4f  Evaluate the test results based on established criteria, note sources of error and recommend improvements.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.4g  Using available technology, report to an audience the relative success of the design based on the test results and criteria.

BENCHMARK:  12.B.4a  Compare physical, ecological and behavioral factors that influence interactions and interdependence of organisms.

BENCHMARK:  12.B.4b  Simulate and analyze factors that influence the size and stability of populations within ecosystems (e.g., birth rate, death rate, predation, migration patterns).

BENCHMARK:  13.A.4a  Estimate and suggest ways to reduce the degree of risk involved in science activities.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.4b  Assess the validity of scientific data by analyzing the results, sample set, sample size, similar previous experimentation, possible misrepresentation of data presented and potential sources of error.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.4c  Describe how scientific knowledge, explanations and technological designs may change with new information over time (e.g., the understanding of DNA, the design of computers.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.4d  Explain how peer review helps to assure the accurate use of data and improves the scientific process.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.4a  Compare and contrast scientific inquiry and technological design as pure and applied sciences.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.4b  Analyze a particular occupation to identify decisions that may be influenced by a knowledge of science.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.4c  Analyze ways that resource management and technology can be used to accommodate population trends.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.4d  Analyze local examples of resource use, technology use or conservation programs; document findings; and make recommendations for improvements.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.4e  Evaluate claims derived from purported scientific studies used in advertising and marketing strategies.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.5a  Formulate hypotheses referencing prior research and knowledge.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.5b  Design procedures to test the selected hypotheses.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.5c  Conduct systematic controlled experiments to test the selected hypotheses.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.5d  Apply statistical methods to make predictions and to test the accuracy of results.

BENCHMARK:  11.A.5e  Report, display and defend the results of investigations to audiences that may include professionals and technical experts.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5a  Identify a design problem that has practical applications and propose possible solutions, considering such constraints as available tools, materials, time and costs.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5b  Select criteria for a successful design solution to the identified problem.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5c  Build and test different models or simulations of the design solution using suitable materials, tools and technology.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5d  Choose a model and refine its design based on the test results.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5e  Apply established criteria to evaluate the suitability, acceptability, benefits, drawbacks and consequences for the tested design solution and recommend modifications and refinements.

BENCHMARK:  11.B.5f  Using available technology, prepare and present findings of the tested design solution to an audience that may include professional and technical experts.

BENCHMARK:  12.A.5a  Explain changes within cells and organisms in response to stimuli and changing environmental conditions (e.g., homeostasis, dormancy).

BENCHMARK:  13.A.5a  Design procedures and policies to eliminate or reduce risk in potentially hazardous science activities.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.5b  Explain criteria that scientists use to evaluate the validity of scientific claims and theories.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.5c  Explain the strengths, weaknesses and uses of research methodologies including observational studies, controlled laboratory experiments, computer modeling and statistical studies.

BENCHMARK:  13.A.5d  Explain, using a practical example (e.g., cold fusion), why experimental replication and peer review are essential to scientific claims.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.5a  Analyze challenges created by international competition for increases in scientific knowledge and technological capabilities (e.g., patent issues, industrial espionage, technology obsolescence).

BENCHMARK:  13.B.5b  Analyze and describe the processes and effects of scientific and technological breakthroughs.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.5c  Design and conduct an environmental impact study, analyze findings and justify recommendations.

BENCHMARK:  13.B.5d  Analyze the costs, benefits and effects of scientific and technological policies at the local, state, national and global levels (e.g., genetic research, Internet access).

BENCHMARK:  13.B.5e  Assess how scientific and technological progress has affected other fields of study, careers and job markets and aspects of everyday life.

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